The Late 19th Century
The late 19th century saw a renaissance in automated computing devices in Eastern U.S.
William Burroughs (Auburn, New York), is the inventor of the first recording adding machine in 1885. It was hard to make and sell profitably. So, in 1886, along with Thomas B. Metcalf, Burroughs created the American Arithmometer Company, & patented a model that could scale with manufacturing.
The First Time Clock
It turns out that Auburn, New York is the birthplace of modern calculators AND time clocks. Because, about the same time that Burroughs was inventing his calculator, fellow Auburn citizen, jeweler Willard Bundy, created the first automated machine to track time.
In 1889, with his brother, Harlow, Willard created the Buddy Manufacturing Company in order to mass-produce time clocks.